The following table compares how taking a TSP loan or making an in-service withdrawal would affect your account.

LoanIn-Service Withdrawal
Cost to Participant
  • $50 loan fee
  • No earnings on any outstanding loan amount
  • Retirement savings permanently reduced by amount of withdrawal
  • No future earnings on amount withdrawn
  • With financial hardship withdrawal, no employee contributions for 6 months (and no matching contributions, if you are a FERS or BRS participant); members of the uniformed services cannot contribute from incentive, special, or bonus pay
Effect on Taxes
  • None (unless loan is not paid back and the TSP declares a taxable distribution*)
  • Immediate tax liability (unless age-based withdrawal is transferred to an IRA or eligible employer plan)
  • Possible additional 10% early withdrawal penalty tax
Effect on Earnings
  • No earnings on amount of loan until funds are repaid
  • No earnings on amount withdrawn
  • With financial hardship withdrawal, no new contributions to accrue earnings for 6 months
Effect on Matching Contributions (FERS and BRS Only)
  • None
  • With financial hardship withdrawal, no matching contributions while employee contributions are suspended
* When the TSP declares a taxable distribution, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) considers the unpaid balance (including any accrued interest) of the loan to be taxable income.

For more information about each program, visit TSP Loans and In-Service Withdrawals.

The TSP has also published booklets on these topics. You can find Loans and In-Service Withdrawals on this website. They are also available from your agency, service, or through the ThriftLine.